Floor board installation is a long and demanding process with many variables, but don't worry: the experts at Beach Floors can help. There are a few different types of floor board installation, including hardwood (nail-down style) and floating installations, whether they be hardwood or laminate. Which installation style you need will vary depending on the type of sub-floor the flooring will be installed on. Once you know what type of flooring you want, a product will be chosen and sized. Multiply the length and width of the room to get the area, and add 10-15% for errors or warped boards to get an estimate of how much flooring you'll need.
The next step in the process is to prepare the space to receive the floor. Any baseboards will be removed and marks will be placed on the walls to designate the location of the joists in the floor. The humidity of the sub floor must be checked prior to certain installations, and the floor must be levelled for others. Nail-down style wood floors might require felt paper or other material beneath the flooring. Flooring should be installed parallel to the longest wall, yet it should also be laid perpendicular to the joists. This means one might have to lay a second layer of joists to correct their orientation.
The next step is to lay down the floor. This process is a bit different between types of flooring as well. Most flooring sits in a floating installation. This means that the flooring snaps together in a tongue and groove mechanism that keeps them strong and interlocked while floating above the sub-floor evenly. This can be true of hardwood flooring as well as laminate flooring, but often hardwood flooring is laid down in pattern and nailed down to the sub-floor in sections. Since packages of hardwood boards usually come closely shaded, wood boards must be rearranged into a random assortment of lighter and darker boards so the floor doesn't end up with noticeably lighter and darker areas. When some woods are used for flooring, more room needs to be left between the boards and wall to accommodate the wood growing and shrinking with changes in humidity. Care should be taken to position the rows of flooring to allow for this gap, and to allow for the installation of the last piece of flooring on each row. At the end of most rows, around edges and corners, and on the last row boards will need to be cut to fit the walls.
Once the flooring has all been installed, the baseboards will be installed even with the top of the floor. Then shoe moulding and thresholds will be installed to finalise the room.
These are the basics of floor installation. If you need more detailed information or are interested in having a floor installed, give us a shout and we'll be pleased to help any way we can.